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Diabetes and its Complications

Diabetes and its Complications

Diabetes is a syndrome associated with disturbances either with insulin production or its secretion. It is always proved havoc when it comes to discussing its lethal side effects. About every third person in the

United States of America is a DIabetic and many of them don’t even know that they are suffering from this deadly ailment.

In 2018, 34.2 million Americans, or 10.5% of the population, had diabetes. Undiagnosed: Of the 34.2 million adults with diabetes, 26.8 million were diagnosed, and 7.3 million were undiagnosed.

Causes

It can be due to inadequate insulin production or Insulin resistance developed in the body with time.Although there is genetic predisposition also as it runs in the families.

Symptoms

It is associated with weight loss, sweating, eating too much, nocturia, fatigue, irritability, frequent urination, and sometimes obesity.

Complications of Diabetes

This is the area of most concern when it comes to discussing diabetes. It is a silent disease. It doesn’t affect you acutely but can lead to devastating outcomes in the future. Slowly it damages the organs and this is permanent for which there is no cure. These include

It can affect the kidney resulting in damage to the functional unit called nephrons. It all results in the compromised kidney function and uremia results.

It can affect our vascular system as it increases the incidence of vascular accidents and hence all occur due to atherosclerosis.

Diabetes for more than ten years demands regular eye checkup as it can lead to diabetic retinopathy giving harm to our retina.

It can lead to muscle wasting as the more the breakdown of protein, the less the muscle mass and weakness results

Prolonged diabetes can damage our auricular system and deafness results.

Altered level of glucose inhibits the healing of wounds, moreover, it can lead to fungal, bacteria and parasitic infections in the body

All the patients of diabetes are at one point in their life do feel anxious and depressed. This is because of long term changes in their mind that result from this syndrome

Uncontrolled diabetes results in the deposition of glucose in the nerves hence it results in the altered sensation on hands and feet. This is termed as diabetic neuropathy.

People with diabetes should use soft shoes as their joints are more liable to break owing to this ailment

Diabetes can increase the incidence of heart attacks, stroke, and arrhythmias.

Investigations

When it comes to diagnosing diabetes following blood tests should be carried out at every cost

Random Blood glucose level which measures the level of glucose after two hours of taking a meal

Fasting blood glucose level which measures the level of blood glucose after an overnight fast

Glycosylated hemoglobin can measure the level of 3-month glucose.

All these tests should be carried out. No need to get worried as all these tests are available at our laboratory services at a very affordable and cheap rate with the commitment of accurate results. You can try our diabetes panel for all these tests

Treatment of Diabetes

It should be done once the disease is diagnosed. Type 1 can be treated by using insulin. Type 2 is treated by using oral drugs. We can use both treatments but it varies from person to person.

Pancreas transplants are on their way in the treatment of diabetes and very soon they will be done to get rid of this pathology permanently but yet now no such permanent treatment available

Prevention

This is the area on which we have to focus to prevent our generation from this havoc disease. Following preventive measures should be kept in mind.

Daily walk and exercise for about thirty minutes can decrease the incidence of diabetes in our generation

Use Food that is low in the glycemic index can help to control the diabetes

If you have A strong history of diabetes, you are supposed to be extra careful and keep an eye on your glucose level time to time

Keep your eyes checked every year if you are having diabetes.

If accidentally you get any wound or cut, clean it immediately, and do extra care as it demands more hygienic dressing owing to altered glucose level in the body.

Commencement of insulin and drugs comes first when comes to prevention of complications of diabetes as they prevent the complications