Lipid Panel

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Lipid Panel


Test Description

Lipids are a family of fats and fat-like substances that are vital components of cells and energy sources. A lipid panel determines the level of particular lipids in your blood. Two important lipids, triglycerides, and cholesterol are transported in the blood through lipoproteins (also known as lipoprotein particles). Each lipoprotein type compromises a combination of triglyceride, protein, cholesterol and phospholipid molecules. With a lipid panel, the particles measures are sorted by their density into HDL (high-density lipoproteins), LDL (low-density lipoproteins) and VLDL (very low-density lipoproteins). What’s included in Lipid Panel?
A lipid panel generally incorporated the following:

Total cholesterol: measures the total cholesterol in every lipoprotein particle.

HDL-C (High-density lipoprotein cholesterol): measures the cholesterol in high-density lipoprotein particles, often known as “good cholesterol” as it takes up excess cholesterol and takes it to the liver for exclusion.

LDL-C (Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol): measures the cholesterol in low-density lipoprotein particles, often known as “bad cholesterol” as it deposits excess cholesterol in the blood vessels walls that can contribute to “atherosclerosis”. Generally, its amount is measures using the results of HDL-C, total cholesterol, and triglycerides.

Triglycerides: calculates all the triglycerides in every lipoprotein particle, most are in the VLDL.

With a lipid panel, some other info may be revealed,

VLDL-C (Very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol): measured from triglycerides/5: this formula is generally based on the composition of very low-density lipoprotein particles.

Non-HDL-C: measured from total cholesterol minus HDL-C.

Cholesterol/HDL ratio: a measured ratio of total cholesterol to HDL-C.
An advanced lipid panel testing may also incorporate low-density lipoprotein particle number (LDL-P). This test determines the number of LDL particles instead of determining the amount of LDL-cholesterol. It is believed that this value may more precisely indicate heart disease risk in some people. Monitoring as well as maintaining normal levels of lipids is vital to stay healthy. While your body produces the cholesterol required to function properly, the diet is the source for certain cholesterol. Eating too much food that’s high in saturated fats and trans fat or having an inherited predisposition can lead to high cholesterol levels in the blood. The extra cholesterol may deposit in plaques on the blood vessels' walls. Plaques can taper or ultimately block the blood vessels opening, causing arteries hardening and enhancing the risk of several health problems, which include stroke and heart disease. A high triglyceride level in the blood is even related to an increased risk of having CVD (cardiovascular disease), even though the reason for this isn’t well understood.
When to Order Lipid Panel?
If prior testing indicated that you had a high level of cholesterol or you have risk factors, then more often testing with a lipid panel is suggested.
Risk factors besides LDL-C are:

  • Cigarette smoking
  • Obesity or being overweight
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Being physically inactive
  • Hypertension
  • Pre-existing heart disease
  • Prediabetes or diabetes
  • Adults with no risk factor for heart disease should order a fasting lipid panel testing once every 4 to 6 years to examine the treatment of unhealthy levels of lipid.
    Testing Info

    Alternate Name: Standard Lipid Panel,Martin Hopkins calculation,Non-fasting Lipid Panel, Lipid profile, LP, cholesterol, triglycerides

    Test Instructions : Fasting is not required prior to collection of a lipid panel. Please do not exercise prior to testing. It is best that your blood is taken in a rested state.

    Fasting: No

    Methodology: Spectrophotometry (SP)

    Results In: 1-3

    Note: Turn around times on results are an estimate and are not guaranteed. The lab may need additional time due to holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, etc. You can contact us to discuss when your results should be ready and we will contact the lab on your behalf immediately.