Liver & Kidney Function Blood Test Panel

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Liver & Kidney Function Blood Test Panel


Test Description

Liver and Kidney Function Tests
These blood tests are performed to evaluate the function of the liver and kidneys. Altered levels of these tests indicate compromised activity of the liver and kidney. The activity of these vital organs should be monitored regularly to prevent long term consequences.

What is included in LFT and RFT Panel?
We run a range of blood tests to check liver and kidney functions;

  1. Serum Uric acid level
  2. Comprehensive Metabolic Panel
  3. Lipid Panel
  4. Total Iron and Iron Binding capacity

Serum Uric Acid Level Test: Uric acid is a waste product produced by the body and is metabolised and excreted by Liver and kidneys. High level of uric acid indicates compromised function of liver and kidneys and demand immediate testing. We can monitor it by taking Blood samples.

Lipid Panel test: It includes Triglyceride level, LDL, HDL, and cholesterol. All of these lipids are metabolised directly or indirectly through liver. Altered level indicates compromised liver function and can lead to various diseases like atherosclerosis and eventually death. Blood Samples are used to measure their level. LDL VLDL Triglyceride and cholesterol are bad for our body while HDL is good for our health.

Total Iron and Iron Binding Capacity: Iron test is ordered to check the level of iron in the body whereas Total Iron Binding capacity or Transferrin do let us know about the binding capacity of iron as iron transport occurs through this protein. As the Transferrin is produced by the liver so inadequate level of it can mark liver injury. It's very important to keep a regular check on it to prevent long term consequences

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel: It consists of the following tests;
  • Glucose
    Glucose is metabolised by the liver and kidney by gluconeogenesis .Altered level indicates the liver and kidney compromised function. A blood specimen is required to perform this test.

  • Calcium
    As calcium helps to control the liver metabolism and also helps in regeneration. Altered level of calcium indicates liver insult

  • Albumin and Total protein
    Optimum level of Albumin and protein shows the normal activity of the liver.

  • Sodium, Potassium, CO2 (carbon dioxide, bicarbonate Chloride
    All these electrolytes helps in the metabolism of liver and also played their vital role in different channels in Kidney. Altered level of these electrolyte can cause kidney and liver insult.

  •  BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) Creatinine Bilirubin
    These are the waste products that are produced by our kidneys and liver. Their high level is toxic and shows the compromised function of liver and kidneys.

  • ALP (Alkaline Phosphatase), ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase or SGPT), AST (Aspartate Aminotransferase or SGOT)
    These are the markers of Liver injury representing the liver insult. They should be monitored to check Liver health.

Why Should You Take Liver & Kidney Blood Tests?
Regular Monitoring of liver and function is mandatory to prevent the long-term pathologies like malignancy and Organ failures. Many times, these tests are proved as first-line screening tests for the liver and kidney pathologies. Secondly for every four people in the United States of America, one is suffering from liver or kidney disorder. Liver and Kidney are vital organs and their failure lead to comprised functions and eventually death of an individual.

Signs & Symptoms of Kidney & Liver Disease
These include Fever, fatigue, anuria, myalgias, jaundice, pain in abdomen, vomiting and loin pain

How to Read the Test Results?
Uric Acid

  • In males 2-4mg/dl is normal.
  • In female 3.4-5.7mg/dl is normal
  Iron and Iron Binding Capacity
  • Normal level of iron is 12-17mg/dl in male
  • Normal level of iron in a female is 12-15mg/dl
  • Normal level of Transferrin is 70 to 370 mg/dl
  Lipid Panel
  • Cholesterol level is normal between 180-220mg/dl
  • Triglyceride level is normal below 150mg/dl
  • LDL level is normal below 100mg/dl
  • HDL is normal if above 60mg/dl
   Comprehensive Metabolic Panel
  • The normal range of values for AST (SGOT) is about 5 to 40 units per liter of serum
  • The normal range of values for ALT (SGPT) is about 7 to 56 units per liter of serum
  • Normal level of albumin is 3-7mg/dl
  • Normal level of Ca is 8-10mg/dl
  • Normal level of Na is 140-144mg/dl and that of K is 3-4mg/dl
  • The normal serum creatinine range is 0.6–1.1 mg/dL in women and 0.7–1.3 mg/dL in men
  • Normal level of urea is 7-20mg/dl
  • Normal range of bicarbonate levels in the blood are about 23 to 30 mEq/L respectively.
 Fasting Blood Sugar
  • Level below 100mg/dl is normal
  • Level between 100-126mg/dl is prediabetic
  • Level above 126mg/dl is diabetic
  Random Blood Sugar
  • Below 200mg/dl its normal
  • Above 200mg/dl is diabetic
  Glycosylated Hemoglobin HbA1C
  • Between 5.7 - 6.3 you are prediabetic
  • Above 6.3 you are diabetic

How to Test for Liver & Kidney Disease – Things to Remember Patient should fast for 9-12 hours before the sampling. Patient should inform Health care practitioner about the medicines he is taking as some of the medicine may alter the results.