Sexually transmitted diseases STDs
The sexually transmitted diseases are a group of contagious diseases that are transmitted mainly by sexual contact and caused by a variety of viral, bacterial, fungal agents, and ectoparasites.
The incidence of STDs will never be known not only because of inadequate reporting but because of the secrecy that surrounds them. Most of them are not even notifiable. All available data however indicate a very high prevalence of STDs.
World wide it has a great impact on the sexual and reproductive health of an individual and it ranks among the top five disease categories for which adults seek health care.
World Health Organizations stats on the STIs
More than one million Sexually transmitted diseases are acquired every day. Each year there are three hundred and fifty-seven million new infections. More than five hundred million people are living with Genital infections that are transmitted through sexual contact. At any point in time more than two hundred and ninety million women have a human papillomavirus infection. (Marrazzo 2000)
They can cause some serious consequences apart from the immediate infection. A few types of sexually transmitted diseases can make one more prone to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
Apart from this it has devastating effects on pregnant females. Mother to child transfer can take place and it results in pneumonia, infections, prematurity, and other congenital deformities. (Dowshen, Binns, and Garofalo 2009)
Host, demographic and social factors
The highest incidence of sexually transmitted diseases is seen in the age group ranging from twenty to twenty-four years old. Though all age groups have a susceptibility to get this infection but it is more common in this age group. Male gender, single individuals, and the ones who are divorced are more prone to get sexually transmitted infections.
Spread of STDs
When it comes to the spread of sexually transmitted diseases, Social disruption, Prostitution, immaturity and broken homes act as a reservoir of infection.
Most of the time it does involve your genital organs but this is not a rule. It can start from the genitals and do involve all the body in certain cases and it’s very difficult to tackle the complications once it gets started.
Different STDs and their associated symptoms
Gonococcal infections do occur as a result of having sex with the infected individual. It causes ulcer formation on your genitals, Eye infection, and throat infection. It can spread to other organs and may result in pelvic pain resulting from pelvic inflammatory disease.
Syphilis can cause stillbirth. It can also be acquired through orogenital contact. It results in ulcer formation on the genitals, rectum, and mouth. Late complications may involve the central nervous system and cardiovascular system.
Chlamydial infection may result in the same clinical manifestations as that of gonorrhea. It can cause sterility, stillbirth, and inflammation of genital organs in Men
Vaginal discharge in females may be seen in females as a result of trichomoniasis. It is caused by a parasite which causes vaginitis in females and urethritis in male.
Painful genital ulcers can be a result of Herpes Simplex Type 2. it is also acquired through sexual contact with the one who already has this ailment.
Warts are common among individuals as a result of infection from Human papillomavirus. They are common among the sexually active person.
Hepatitis B can also transmit through sexual contact. It can lead to devastating complications in the long term like liver cancer.
If they remain unnoticed or not treated in time they can lead to permanent vision loss, permanent sterility, and multi-organ damage in susceptible individuals. Timely screening and lab testing is very crucial in this regard. The humiliation around the sexually transmitted infections also avert the people from going to labs for screening and it results in fatal effects.
Who are more prone to get STIs
If you have more than one partner, your partner has multiple relationships, u are having symptoms mentioned above in the blog, you are new into a relationship and not using a barrier method of contraception as preventive measure then it is possible that one of you may be a carrier of undiagnosed sexually transmitted infection and u do need the laboratory workup.
The best approach in this regard is to don’t be shy. Talk to the doctor about your symptoms and it is not necessary to get all the tests done. Share your complete history and risk factors with your healthcare practitioners and he will let u know which laboratory test u have to be done.
Our Laboratory Services for you
We are offering the following tests at our laboratory. They include
Hepatitis B virus
Test for syphilis
Test for AIDS
Test for chlamydia and Gonorrhea infections
We do take different specimens for different tests depending upon the test you are looking for. Swabs can be used to take the sample from the urethra, vagina, and rectum. Blood and urine samples can also be used in this regard to check for the presence of sexually transmitted infection in an individual
Timely screening and testing can not only save you from fatal complications but also prevent the spread of infections. Don’t be shy in this regard, contact us for the tests mentioned above.
To earn the trust of our patients and doctors is our foremost priority from day one. we do exist to serve you because we care for your health. We are there to serve you with the best of laboratory tests. Our State of art laboratory services will ensure the early screening and diagnosis of your ailment. Contact us for the accurate results, affordability, and quality, things on which we never compromise.
Dowshen, Nadia, Helen J. Binns, and Robert Garofalo. 2009. “Experiences of HIV-Related Stigma Among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men.” AIDS Patient Care and STDs. https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2008.0256.
Marrazzo, Jeanne M. 2000. “Genital Human Papillomavirus Infection in Women Who Have Sex with Women: A Concern for Patients and Providers.” AIDS Patient Care and STDs. https://doi.org/10.1089/108729100416669.